Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size View as PDF Print

2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee 

Cross-Cutting Topics of Public Health Importance


List of NEL Systematic Review Questions

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 included guidance on sodium, saturated fat, and added sugars, and the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee determined that a reexamination of the evidence on these topics was necessary to evaluate whether revisions to the guidance were warranted. These topics were considered to be of public health importance because each has been associated with negative health outcomes when over-consumed. As the Committee considered it essential to address these topics across two or more Subcommittees, Working Groups were formed with representatives from the relevant Subcommittees to ensure that the topics were thoroughly addressed in a coordinated way. Additionally, the Committee acknowledged that a potential unintended consequence of a recommendation on added sugars might be that consumers and manufacturers replace added sugars with low-calorie sweeteners. As a result, the Committee also examined evidence on low-calorie sweeteners to inform statements on this topic. The updated findings in this chapter will help inform recommendations on these topics for the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
 
Although sodium, saturated fat, and added sugars are receiving particular focus here, it is important to consider these aspects of the diet in the context of a healthy dietary pattern. A healthy dietary pattern has little room for sodium, saturated fat, and added sugars. That said, these components of the diet are modifiable, and strategies at various levels of the socio-ecologic model, ranging from policy to consumer education, can promote shifts in intake to support healthy dietary patterns.

For additional information, see: Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, Part D. Chapter 6: Cross-Cutting Topics of Public Health Importance. Information in the report was vetted by the full committee and presented at public meetings; however, more detailed supporting information on each specific systematic review is available on the NEL website. Below are links to the questions answered using a NEL systematic review approach.

For 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Subcommittee work structure and member organization, see Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Appendix E-9.


NEL Systematic Review Questions

Sodium

  1. What is the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure in children?
  2. What is the relationship between sodium intake and cardiovascular disease?

Added Sugars

What is the relationship between added sugars and risk of cardiovascular disease?

Last Updated: 02/02/2015