Strong and consistent evidence shows that glycemic index and/or glycemic load are not associated with body weight and do not lead to greater weight loss or better weight maintenance.
Abundant, strong epidemiological evidence demonstrates that there is no association between glycemic index or load and cancer.
Due to limited evidence, no conclusion can be drawn to assess the relationship between either glycemic index or load and cardiovascular disease.
A moderate body of inconsistent evidence supports a relationship between high glycemic index and type 2 diabetes.
Strong, convincing evidence shows little association between glycemic load and type 2 diabetes.