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Search Plan and Results


Which type of educator, who delivers nutrition education, is most effective in changing children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?

Date Searched

January 2011

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects/Population: Human subjects. Populations in countries with high or very high human development, according to the Human Development Index.

Age: Zero to 18 years of age

Setting: School, home, and community settings

Health Status: Healthy and those with elevated chronic disease risk (CHD/CVD, Type 2 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity.) 

Nutrition Related Problem/Condition: None

Study design preferences: Randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies (search to include all study designs); Studies must have compared a condition in which nutrition education was delivered by one type of adult to another condition in which the same nutrition education intervention was delivered by another type of adult.

Year Range: Studies published since January 1995.

Authorship: If an author is included on more than one review article or primary research article that is similar in content, the paper with most pertinent data/endpoints will be included. If data/endpoints from both papers are appropriate, it will be made clear that results are from the same intervention.

Languages: Limited to articles in English.

Other: Article must be published in peer-reviewed journal.

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects/Population: Animal and in vitro studies; Populations in countries with medium or low human development, according to the Human Development Index.

Study design preferences: Studies lacking a control group.

Age: Adults, 19 years and older

Setting: Hospitalized patients.

Health Status: Medical treatment/therapy and subjects diagnosed with disease.

Nutrition Related Problem/Condition: All conditions.

Study Design Preferences: Systematic reviews, meta-analysis, prospective cohort studies, cross-sectional studies, case-control studies, narrative reviews.

Year Range: Prior to January 1995.

Authorship: Studies by same author similar in content.

Languages: Articles not in English.

Other: Abstracts or presentations and articles not peer reviewed (Web sites, magazine articles, Federal reports, etc.).

Search Terms & Electronic Databases Used

Search date: 5/2010, 7/2010, 8/2010, 9/2010, 10/2010, 11/2010, 12/2010, 1/2011

Date Range: 1995-Present

Search Terms: (Search “child nutrition sciences/education”[mh] OR “nutritional sciences/ education”[mh] OR (nutrition* AND (“Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice”[mh] OR “health education/methods”[mh] OR “Health Behavior”[mh] OR “Health Promotion/methods”[mh])) Limits: Humans, English, All Child: 0-18 years, Publication Date from 1995.


Search Date: 5/10/10

Date Range: 1995-Present

Search Terms: 'nutrition education'/exp AND ([article]/lim OR [article in press]/lim) AND ([newborn]/lim OR [infant]/lim OR [preschool]/lim OR [school]/lim OR [child]/lim OR [adolescent]/lim) AND [humans]/lim AND [english]/lim AND [embase]/lim AND [1995-2010]/py

EBSCOhost: CINAHL; ERIC; PsycINFO; PsycARTICLES; SocINDEX with Full Text; Education Research Complete

Search Date: 5/11/10; 1/3/11


Date Range: 1995-Present


Search Terms: SU nutrition* n2 education* and behavior*

Total hits from all electronic database searches: 3538

Total articles identified to review from electronic databases: 432

Articles identified via handsearch or other means:


Summary of Articles Identified to Review

Number of Primary Articles Identified: 1

Number of Review Articles Identified: 0

Total Number of Articles Identified: 1

Number of Articles Reviewed but Excluded: 431


List of Included Articles for Evidence Analysis

Panunzio MF, Antoniciello A, Pisano A, Dalton S. Nutrition education intervention by teachers may promote fruit and vegetable consumption in Italian students. Nutrition Research 2007; 27 (9): 524-528.

List of Excluded Articles with Reason

Click here to see Excluded Citations.