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Search Plan and Results

Question(s)

What is the effect of nutrition education delivered via digital media and/or technology on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?

Date Searched

January 2011

Inclusion Criteria

  • Subjects/population: Human subjects. Populations in countries with very high or high human developement, according to the Human Development Index.
  • Age: Zero to 18 years
  • Setting: School, home, and community settings 
  • Health status: Healthy and those with elevated chronic disease risk (coronary heart disease or cardiovascular disease, T2D, metabolic syndrome and obese
  • Study design preferences: randomized controlled trial, non-randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies (search to include all study designs). Studies must have tested the use of digital media or technology to deliver nutrition education.
  • Year range: Studies published since January 1995
  • Authorship: If an author is included on more than one review article or primary research article that is similar in content, the paper with the most pertinent data/endpoints will be included. If data/endpoints from both papers are appropriate, it will be made clear that results are from the same intervention.
  • Languages: Limited to articles in English
  • Other: Article must be published in peer-reviewed journal.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Subjects/population: Animal and in vitro studies; Populations in countries with medium or low human development, according to the Human Development Index.
  • Study design preferences: Studies lacking a control group, and those that used digital media or technology to assess dietary intake
  • Age: Adults age 19 years and older
  • Setting: Hospitalized patients
  • Health status: Medical treatment or therapy and subjects diagnosed with disease.
  • Nutrition-related problem/condition: All conditions
  • Study design preferences: systematic review, meta-analysis, prospective cohort studies, cross-sectional studies, case-control studies, narrative reviews
  • Year range: Prior to January 1995
  • Authorship: Studies by same author similar in content
  • Languages: Articles not in English.
  • Other: Abstracts or presentations and articles not peer reviewed (Web sites, magazine articles, Federal reports, and so on).

Search Terms & Electronic Databases Used

  • Search date: April 16, 2010; updated January 20, 2011
  • Date range: January 1995 to December 2010
  • (Video Game* OR (“virtual reality” AND gaming) OR Computer game* OR Youtube OR Facebook OR Twitter OR Aps OR Wii OR DDR OR Advergam* OR Social media* OR Television[majr] OR Mobile phone* OR cell phone* OR Web-based learning* OR internet[majr] OR computers[majr] OR “Computer-Assisted Instruction”[mesh]) AND ((nutrition AND education) OR “child nutrition sciences/education”[mh] OR “nutritional sciences/ education”[mh] OR obesity OR overweight OR fruit* OR vegetables OR “Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice”[mh] OR “health education/methods”[mh] OR “Behavior Control/methods”[mh] OR “Health Behavior”[majr] OR “Health Promotion/methods”[mh]).

  • EBSCO (ERIC, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Soc Index, Ed Research Complete):
    • Search date: April 19, 2010
    • Date range: January 1995 to April 2010
    • Search terms: ( ((Video OR “virtual reality” OR computer*) AND gaming OR games) OR Advergam* OR (Mobile w1 phone*) OR (cell w1 phone*) OR "Web-based learning" OR internet ) and ( obesity OR overweight OR fruit* OR vegetables )  ( ((Video OR “virtual reality” OR computer*) AND gaming OR games) OR Advergam* OR (Mobile w1 phone*) OR (cell w1 phone*) OR "Web-based learning" OR internet ) and ( (nutrition* w8 education*) OR (nutrition* w8 behavior*) )  ( "social media" OR twitter OR facebook OR "virtual reality" OR youtube ) and ( obesity OR overweight OR fruit* OR vegetables )  (((Video or (virtual adj reality) or computer* or online) and (gaming or games)) or Advergam* or (Mobile near1 phone*) or (cell near1 phone*) or internet ) and ( (nutrition* near8 education*) or (nutrition* near8 behavior*) )
  • Education Fulltext (Wilson):
    • Search date: April 4, 2010
    • Date range: January 1995 to April 2010
  • Global Health:
    • Search date: April 19, 2010
    • Date range: January 1995 to April 2010
    • Search Terms: (((Video OR virtual adj reality OR computer* OR online) AND (gaming OR games)) OR Advergam* OR (Mobile near1 phone*) OR (cell near1 phone*) OR internet ) and ( (nutrition* near8 education*) OR (nutrition* near8 behavior*) ) ( social adj media OR twitter OR facebook OR virtual adj reality OR youtube)) AND ( (nutrition* near8 education*) or (nutrition* near8 behavior*) ).

Total hits from all electronic database searches: 1850

Total articles identified to review from electronic databases: 83

Articles Identified Via Handsearch or Other Means

Hand Search

  • Search date: January 1995 to December 2010
  • Selected articles: 14

Bannon K, Schwartz MB. Impact of nutrition messages on children's food choice: Pilot study. Appetite. 2006 Mar; 46(2): 124-129. Epub: 2006 Jan 26. PMID: 16442667.

Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, Marsh T, Islam N, Zakeri I, Honess-Morreale L, deMoor C. Squire’s Quest! Dietary outcome evaluation of a multimedia game. Am J Prev Med. 2003; 24(1): 52-61.

Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson DI, Nicklas T, Zakeri IE, Rochon J. The Fun, Food, and Fitness Project (FFFP): The Baylor GEMS pilot study. Ethn Dis. 2003 Winter; 13(1 Suppl 1): S30-S39. PMID: 12713209.

Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Thompson D, Buday R, Jago R, Griffith MJ, Islam N, Nguyen N, Watson KB. Video game play, child diet, and physical activity behavior change: A randomized clinical trial. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 40(1): 33-38. PMID: 21146765.

Cullen KW, Watson K, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Zakeri I. Squire's Quest: Intervention changes occurred at lunch and snack meals. Appetite. 2005 Oct; 45(2): 148-151. PMID: 15927302.

DeBar LL, Dickerson J, Clarke G, Stevens VJ, Ritenbaugh C, Aickin M. Using a website to build community and enhance outcomes in a group, multi-component intervention promoting healthy diet and exercise in adolescents. J Pediatr Psychol. 2009 Jun; 34(5): 539-550. Epub: 2008 Dec 17. PMID: 19091807.

Frenn M, Malin S, Bansal N, Delgado M, Greer Y, Havice M, Ho M, Schweizer H. Addressing health disparities in middle school students' nutrition and exercise. J Community Health Nurs. 2003 Spring; 20(1): 1-14. PMID: 12581939.

Haerens L, Deforche B, Maes L, Cardon G, Stevens V, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Evaluation of a two-year physical activity and healthy eating intervention in middle school children. Health Educ Res. 2006 Dec; 21(6): 911-921. Epub: 2006 Oct 10. PMID: 17032704.

Haerens L, Deforche B, Maes L, Brug J, Vandelanotte C, De Bourdeaudhuij I. A computer-tailored dietary fat intake intervention for adolescents: results of a randomized controlled trial. Ann Behav Med. 2007b Nov-Dec; 34(3): 253-262. PMID: 18020935.

Haire-Joshu D, Nanney MS, Elliott M, Davey C, Caito N, Loman D, Brownson RC, Kreuter MW. The use of mentoring programs to improve energy balance behaviors in high-risk children. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Feb; 18 Suppl 1: S75-S83. PMID: 20107465.

Horne PJ, Tapper K, Lowe CF, Hardman CA, Jackson MC, Woolner J. Increasing children's fruit and vegetable consumption: A peer-modelling and rewards-based intervention. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Dec; 58(12): 1, 649-1, 660. PMID: 15252421.

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Cullen K, Watson K, Liu Y, Canada A, Bhatt R, Zakeri I. Food, fun, and fitness internet program for girls: Pilot evaluation of an e-Health youth obesity prevention program examining predictors of obesity. Prev Med. 2008 Nov; 47(5): 494-497. Epub: 2008 Jul 30. PMID: 18718846.

Turnin MC, Tauber MT, Couvaras O, Jouret B, Bolzonella C, Bourgeois O, Buisson JC, Fabre D, Cance-Rouzaud A, Tauber JP, Hanaire-Broutin H. Evaluation of microcomputer nutritional teaching games in 1, 876 children at school. Diabetes Metab. 2001 Sep; 27(4 Pt 1): 459-464.

Williamson DA, Martin PD, White MA, Newton R, Walden H, York-Crowe E, Alfonso A, Gordon S, Ryan D. Efficacy of an internet-based behavioral weight loss program for overweight adolescent African-American girls. Eat Weight Disord. 2005 Sep; 10(3): 193-203.

 


Summary of Articles Identified to Review

Number of Primary Articles Identified: 24

Number of Review Articles Identified: 0

Total Number of Articles Identified: 24

Number of Articles Reviewed but Excluded: 73

 




List of Included Articles for Evidence Analysis

Younger than Kindergarten

None identified.

Kindergarten to Grade Five (12)

Bannon K, Schwartz MB. Impact of nutrition messages on children's food choice: Pilot study. Appetite. 2006 Mar; 46(2): 124-129. Epub: 2006 Jan 26. PMID: 16442667.

Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Cullen KW, Marsh T, Islam N, Zakeri I, Honess-Morreale L, deMoor C. Squire’s Quest! Dietary outcome evaluation of a multimedia game. Am J Prev Med. 2003a; 24(1): 52-61.

Baranowski T, Baranowski JC, Cullen KW, Thompson DI, Nicklas T, Zakeri IE, Rochon J. The Fun, Food, and Fitness Project (FFFP): The Baylor GEMS pilot study. Ethn Dis. 2003b Winter; 13(1 Suppl 1): S30-S39. PMID: 12713209.

Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Thompson D, Buday R, Jago R, Griffith MJ, Islam N, Nguyen N, Watson KB. Video game play, child diet, and physical activity behavior change: A randomized clinical trial. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan;40(1):33-38.PMID: 21146765

Cullen KW, Watson K, Baranowski T, Baranowski JH, Zakeri I. Squire's Quest: Intervention changes occurred at lunch and snack meals. Appetite. 2005 Oct; 45(2): 148-151. PMID: 15927302.

Haire-Joshu D, Nanney MS, Elliott M, Davey C, Caito N, Loman D, Brownson RC, Kreuter MW. The use of mentoring programs to improve energy balance behaviors in high-risk children. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Feb; 18 Suppl 1: S75-S83. PMID: 20107465.

Horne PJ, Tapper K, Lowe CF, Hardman CA, Jackson MC, Woolner J. Increasing children's fruit and vegetable consumption: A peer-modelling and rewards-based intervention. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Dec; 58(12): 1, 649-1, 660. PMID: 15252421.

Mangunkusumo RT, Brug J, de Koning HJ, van der Lei J, Raat H. School-based internet-tailored fruit and vegetable education combined with brief counselling increases children's awareness of intake levels. Public Health Nutr. 2007 Mar; 10(3): 273-279. PMID: 17288625.

Moore JB, Pawloski LR, Goldberg P, Kyeung MO, Stoehr A, Baghi H. Childhood obesity study: A pilot study of the effect of the nutrition education program Color My Pyramid. J Sch Nurs. 2009 Jun; 25(3): 230-239. Epub: 2009 Apr 10. PMID: 19363107.

Pempek TA, Calvert SL. Tipping the balance: use of advergames to promote consumption of nutritious foods and beverages by low-income African American children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Jul; 163(7): 633-637. PMID: 19581546.

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Cullen K, Watson K, Liu Y, Canada A, Bhatt R, Zakeri I. Food, fun, and fitness internet program for girls: Pilot evaluation of an e-Health youth obesity prevention program examining predictors of obesity. Prev Med. 2008 Nov; 47(5): 494-497. Epub: 2008 Jul 30. PMID: 18718846.

Turnin MC, Tauber MT, Couvaras O, Jouret B, Bolzonella C, Bourgeois O, Buisson JC, Fabre D, Cance-Rouzaud A, Tauber JP, Hanaire-Broutin H. Evaluation of microcomputer nutritional teaching games in 1, 876 children at school. Diabetes Metab. 2001 Sep; 27(4 Pt 1): 459-464.

Older than Grade Five (12)

Casazza K, Ciccazzo M. The method of delivery of nutrition and physical activity information may play a role in eliciting behavior changes in adolescents. Eat Behav. 2007 Jan; 8(1): 73-82. Epub: 2006 Feb 21. PMID: 17174854.

DeBar LL, Ritenbaugh C, Aickin M, Orwoll E, Elliot D, Dickerson J, Vuckovic N, Stevens VJ, Moe E, Irving LM. Youth: A health plan-based lifestyle intervention increases bone mineral density in adolescent girls. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 Dec; 160(12): 1, 269-1, 276. Erratum in: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007 Feb; 161(2): 130. PMID: 17146025.

DeBar LL, Dickerson J, Clarke G, Stevens VJ, Ritenbaugh C, Aickin M. Using a website to build community and enhance outcomes in a group, multi-component intervention promoting healthy diet and exercise in adolescents. J Pediatr Psychol. 2009 Jun; 34(5): 539-550. Epub: 2008 Dec 17. PMID: 19091807.

Di Noia J, Contento IR, Prochaska JO. Computer-mediated intervention tailored on transtheoretical model stages and processes of change increases fruit and vegetable consumption among urban African-American adolescents. Am J Health Promot. 2008 May-Jun; 22(5): 336-341. PMID: 18517094.

Frenn M, Malin S, Bansal N, Delgado M, Greer Y, Havice M, Ho M, Schweizer H. Addressing health disparities in middle school students' nutrition and exercise. J Community Health Nurs. 2003 Spring; 20(1): 1-14. PMID: 12581939.

Haerens L, Deforche B, Maes L, Cardon G, Stevens V, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Evaluation of a two-year physical activity and healthy eating intervention in middle school children. Health Educ Res. 2006 Dec; 21(6): 911-921. Epub: 2006 Oct 10. PMID: 17032704.  

Haerens L, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Maes L, Vereecken C, Brug J, Deforche B. The effects of a middle-school healthy eating intervention on adolescents' fat and fruit intake and soft drinks consumption. Public Health Nutr. 2007a May; 10(5): 443-449. PMID: 17411463.

Haerens L, Deforche B, Maes L, Brug J, Vandelanotte C, De Bourdeaudhuij I. A computer-tailored dietary fat intake intervention for adolescents: results of a randomized controlled trial. Ann Behav Med. 2007b Nov-Dec; 34(3): 253-262. PMID: 18020935.

Long JD, Stevens KR. Using technology to promote self-efficacy for healthy eating in adolescents. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2004; 36(2): 134-139. PMID: 15227760.

Thompson D, Baranowski T, Baranowski J, Cullen K, Jago R, Watson K, Liu Y. Boy Scout 5-a-Day Badge: Outcome results of a troop and Internet intervention. Prev Med. 2009 Dec; 49(6): 518-526. Epub: 2009 Sep 16. PMID: 19765608.

Williamson DA, Martin PD, White MA, Newton R, Walden H, York-Crowe E, Alfonso A, Gordon S, Ryan D. Efficacy of an internet-based behavioral weight loss program for overweight adolescent African-American girls. Eat Weight Disord. 2005 Sep; 10(3): 193-203.

Winett RA, Roodman AA, Winett SG, Bajzek W, Rovniak LS, Whiteley JA. The effects of the Eat4Life Internet-based health behavior program on the nutrition and activity practices of high school girls. Journal of Gender, Culture, & Health. 1999 Sep; 4(3): 239-54.

 


List of Excluded Articles with Reason

Article (A - L) Reason for Exclusion
Alexander GL, McClure JB, Calvi JH, Divine GW, Stopponi MA, Rolnick SJ, Heimendinger J, Tolsma DD, Resnicow K, Campbell MK, Strecher VJ, Johnson CC; MENU Choices Team. A randomized clinical trial evaluating online interventions to improve fruit and vegetable consumption. Am J Public Health. 2010 Feb; 100(2): 319-326. Epub: 2009 Dec 17. PMID: 20019315. Study subjects are adult.
An JY, Hayman LL, Park YS, Dusaj TK, Ayres CG. Web-based weight management programs for children and adolescents: A systematic review of randomized controlled trial studies. ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2009 Jul-Sep ;32(3): 222-240. Review. PMID: 19707091. TEC decision to exclude this systematic review, and include all relevant primary articles.
Bensley RJ, Brusk JJ, Anderson JV, Mercer N, Rivas J, Broadbent LN. Wichealth.org: Impact of a stages of change-based Internet nutrition education program. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Jul-Aug; 38(4): 222-229. PMID: 16785091. Study subjects are adults.
Bensley RJ, Mercer N, Brusk JJ, Underhile R, Rivas J, Anderson J, Kelleher D, Lupella M, de Jager AC. The eHealth Behavior Management Model: A stage-based approach to behavior change and management. Prev Chronic Dis. 2004 Oct; 1(4): A14. Epub: 2004 Sep 15. PMID: 15670446. Did not answer question; provides an overview of the program, but does not report dietary intake outcomes.
Borzekowski DL, Rickert VI. Adolescent cybersurfing for health information: A new resource that crosses barriers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001 Jul; 155(7): 813-817. PMID: 11434849. Study design is cross-sectional study.
Brug J, Oenema A, Kroeze W, Raat H, Truswell AS. The Internet and nutrition education: Challenges and opportunities. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2005; 59(Supplement 1): S130-S139. Study is a narrative review.
Burke V, Beilin LJ, Durkin K, Stritzke WG, Houghton S, Cameron CA. Television, computer use, physical activity, diet and fatness in Australian adolescents. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2006; 1(4): 248-255. PMID: 17907332. Did not answer question; examined the relationship between media use and weight, diet and physical activity.
Campbell MK, Bernhardt JM, Waldmiller M, Jackson B, Potenziani D, Weathers B, Demissie S. Varying the message source in computer-tailored nutrition education. Patient Educ Couns. 1999 Feb; 36(2): 157-169. PMID: 10223020. Study subjects are adults.
Casazza K, Ciccazzo M. Improving the dietary patterns of adolescents using a computer-based approach. J Sch Health. 2006 Feb; 76(2): 43-46. PMID: 16466465. Study is a narrative review.
Choi J, Starren JB, Bakken S. Web-based educational resources for low literacy families in the NICU. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005: 922. PMID: 16779209. Did not answer question; reported on the development of a web-based tool for the NICU.
Cotugna N, Vickery CE. The INK Project: Internet nutrition for kids. J Nutrition Education. 1999 May/Jun; 31(3): 175-177. Did not answer question; study reported on the development of a program, but not report outcomes.
Crutzen R, de Nooijer J, Brouwer W, Oenema A, Brug J, de Vries NK. Internet-delivered interventions aimed at adolescents: a Delphi study on dissemination and exposure. Health Educ Res. 2008 Jun; 23(3): 427-439. Epub: 2008 Jan 21. PMID: 18209115. Study is a narrative review.
Cullen KW, Thompson D. Feasibility of an eight-week African American web-based pilot program promoting healthy eating behaviors: Family Eats. Am J Health Behav. 2008 Jan-Feb; 32(1): 40-51. PMID: 18021032. Study did not have a control or comparison group.
de Vet E, De Nooijer J, De Vries NK, Brug J. Do the transtheoretical processes of change predict transitions in stages of change for fruit intake? Health Educ Behav. 2008 Oct; 35(5): 603-618. Epub: 2006 Aug 2. PMID: 16885508. Study subjects are adults.
de Vet E, de Nooijer J, de Vries NK, Brug J. Testing the transtheoretical model for fruit intake: Comparing web-based tailored stage-matched and stage-mismatched feedback. Health Educ Res. 2008 Apr; 23(2): 218-227. Epub: 2007 Jun 25. PMID: 17595176. Study subjects are adults.

del Balzo V, Scanu A, Dernini S, Palmieri O, Cannella C. Mediterranean lifestyle: Nutritional education online. Ann Ig. 2009 Nov-Dec; 21(6): 565-573. PMID: 20169828.

Study subjects are adults.
DiSogra L, Glanz K. The 5-A-day Virtual Classroom: An online strategy to promote healthful eating. J Am Diet Assoc. 2000 Mar; 100(3): 349-352. PMID: 10719410. Study did not include dietary behaviors as a measured outcome.
Evans WD, Necheles J, Longjohn M, Christoffel KK. The 5-4-3-2-1 go! Intervention: Social marketing strategies for nutrition. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007 Mar-Apr; 39(2 Suppl): S55-S59. No abstract available. PMID: 17336809. Did not answer question; describes the development of a social marketing campaign.
Ezendam NP, Oenema A, van de Looij-Jansen PM, Brug J. Design and evaluation protocol of "FATaintPHAT", a computer-tailored intervention to prevent excessive weight gain in adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2007 Nov 12; 7: 324. PMID: 17997834. Did not answer question; describes a computer-tailored intervention to prevent weight gain.
Februhartanty J. Nutrition education: It has never been an easy case for Indonesia. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun; 26(2 Suppl 2): S267-S274. Review. PMID: 16075577.

Study is a narrative review; did not include nutrition education delivered using technology.

Freisling H, Haas K, Elmadfa I. Mass media nutrition information sources and associations with fruit and vegetable consumption among adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2010 Feb; 13(2): 269-275. Epub: 2009 Aug 26. PMID: 19706216. Study design is cross-sectional.
French L, Howell G, Haven J, Britten P. Designing MyPyramid for Kids materials to help children eat right, exercise, have fun. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Nov-Dec; 38(6 Suppl): S158-S159. No abstract available. PMID: 17116595. Did not answer question; describes the development of MyPyramid for Kids, but did not assess dietary outcomes.
Gray NJ, Klein JD, Noyce PR, Sesselberg TS, Cantrill JA.  Health information-seeking behaviour in adolescence: The place of the internet. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Apr; 60(7): 1, 467-1, 478. PMID: 15652680. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Grechus M, Brown J. Comparison of individualized computer game reinforcement versus peer-interactive board game reinforcement on retention of nutrition label knowledge. Journal of Health Education. 2000 May/Jun; 31(3): 138-142. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Her E, Lee K. Development of computer-aided nutritional education program for the school children. Korean Journal of Nutrition. 2002; 35(7): 791-799. Study did not report outcomes.
Her E, Lee K. Effect-evaluation of nutritional education program using internet for school children. Korean Journal of Nutrition. 2003; 36(5): 500-507.  Study published in Korean. 
Herbold NH, Dennis MD. Food for thought: A nutrition monitoring project for elementary school children using the internet. J Nutr Educ. 2001 Sep-Oct; 33(5): 299-300. PMID: 12031182. Did not answer question; describe the development and use of a program, but did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome. 
Hyun T, Yon M, Kim S, Kim N, An S, Lee S, Chi H, Sun M, Oh C, Wang S, Hong M. Development of a nutrition education website for children. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition. 2003; 8(3): 259-269.  Did not answer question; reported on the development of a Web site, did not report outcomes.
Jones M, Luce KH, Osborne MI, Taylor K, Cunning D, Doyle AC, Wilfley DE, Taylor CB. Randomized, controlled trial of an internet-facilitated intervention for reducing binge eating and overweight in adolescents. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3): 453-462. PMID: 18310192.  Study subjects diagnosed with binge-eating disorder. 
Kidd T, Johannes E, Simonson L, Medeiros D. KNACK Online: An evidence-based Web site developed to address adolescent obesity. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 May-Jun; 40(3): 189-190. No abstract available. PMID: 18457789.  Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome. 
Kim H, Yang I, Lee H, Kang Y. The analysis of Internet usage for nutritional information by junior and high school students in Seoul. Korean Journal of Nutrition. 2003; 36(9): 960-965. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome. 
Kim S, Hyun T. Evaluation of a nutrition education website for children. Korean Journal of Community  Nutrition. 2006; 11(2): 218-228. Study published in Korean.
Kind T, Huang ZJ, Farr D, Pomerantz KL. Internet and computer access and use for health information in an underserved community. Ambul Pediatr. 2005 Mar-Apr; 5(2): 117-121. PMID: 15780014.  Study design is cross-sectional; did not answer question; examined use of technology in an underserved community. 
Kreisel K. Evaluation of a computer-based nutrition education tool. Public Health Nutr. 2004 Apr; 7(2): 271-277 .PMID: 15003134.  Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome. 
Kroeze W, Werkman A, Brug J. A systematic review of randomized trials on the effectiveness of computer-tailored education on physical activity and dietary behaviors. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Jun; 31(3): 205-223. Review. PMID: 16700634. Study subjects are adults.
Lee Y, Jang J, Oh Y. A case study on the development and evaluation of an web-based learning program. Korean-Journal-of-Nutrition. 2002; 35(8): 886-895. Study subjects are adults.
Leung L. Internet embeddedness: Links with online health information seeking, expectancy value/quality of health information websites, and Internet usage patterns. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2008 Oct; 11(5): 565-569. PMID: 18771393. Study subjects are adults.
Lobelo F, Dowda M, Pfeiffer KA, Pate RR. Electronic media exposure and its association with activity-related outcomes in female adolescents: cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. J Phys Act Health. 2009 Mar; 6(2): 137-143. PMID: 19420390. Did not answer question; examined the relationship between media use and physical activity.

 

Article (M - Z) Reason for Exclusion
Mangunkusumo R, Brug J, Duisterhout J, de Koning H, Raat H. Feasibility, acceptability, and quality of Internet-administered adolescent health promotion in a preventive-care setting. Health Educ Res. 2007 Feb; 22(1): 1-13. Epub: 2006 May 19. PMID: 16714366. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Margolis LM, Grediagin A, Koenig C, Sanders LF. Effectiveness and acceptance of web-based learning compared to traditional face-to-face learning for performance nutrition education. Mil Med. 2009 Oct; 174(10): 1, 095-1, 099. PMID: 19891223. Study subjects are adult.
Mathers M, Canterford L, Olds T, Hesketh K, Ridley K, Wake M. Electronic media use and adolescent health and well-being: Cross-sectional community study. Acad Pediatr. 2009 Sep-Oct; 9(5): 307-314. Epub: 2009 Jul 9. PMID: 19592322. Did not answer question; did not assess a nutrition education intervention.
Matheson D, Spranger K. Content analysis of the use of fantasy, challenge, and curiosity in school-based nutrition education programs. J Nutr Educ. 2001 Jan-Feb; 33(1): 10-16. PMID: 12031200. Did not answer question; study documented use of fantasy, curiosity and challenge in nutrition education programs.
Matheson D, Achterberg C. Ecologic study of children's use of a computer nutrition education program. J Nutr Educ. 2001 Jan-Feb; 33(1): 2-9. PMID: 12031199. Study design is ecological.
Mier N, Piziak V, Valdez L. Ultimate nutrition game for mexican american preschoolers. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2005 Nov-Dec; 37(6): 325-326. No abstract available. PMID: 16242066. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Nelson, D. Building nutrition skills with the Breakfast Cafe Webquest. Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences. 2005 Apr; 97(2): 59-60. Study is a narrative review of a single Web-based program.
Nix ST, D'Agostino Ibanez C, Strobino BA, Williams CL. Developing a computer-assisted health knowledge quiz for preschool children. J Sch Health. 1999 Jan; 69(1): 9-11. PMID: 10098112. Did not answer question; study describes the development of a computer-based assessment tool.
Oenema A, Tan F, Brug J. Short-term efficacy of a web-based computer-tailored nutrition intervention: Main effects and mediators. Ann Behav Med. 2005 Feb; 29(1): 54-63. PMID: 15677301. Study subjects are adults.
Oenema A, Brug J, Lechner L. Web-based tailored nutrition education: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Health Educ Res. 2001 Dec; 16(6): 647-660. PMID: 11780705. Study subjects are adults.
Oh YJ, Kim DS. "Nutrition exploration" with food characters: Interactive multimedia nutrition software for preschoolers. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007 May-Jun; 39(3): 173-174. No abstract available. PMID: 17493569. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Oh Y, Kim D. Development and application of a nutrition game for preschoolers. Journal of Community Nutrition. 2006; 8(4): 165-170. Study subjects are Korean.
Omar A, Wahlqvist ML, Kouris-Blazos A, Vicziany M. Wellness management through Web-based programmes. J Telemed Telecare. 2005; 11 Suppl 1: 8-11. PMID: 16035977. Study subjects are adults.
Owens S, Lambert L, McDonough S, Green K, Loftin M. Feasibility of a home-delivered Internet obesity prevention program for fourth-grade students. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2009 Aug; 21(3): 279-290. PMID: 19827452. Did not answer question; examined the feasibility of an Internet program; no control group.
Papastergiou, M. Online computer games as collaborative learning environments: Prospects and challenges for tertiary education. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 2008-2009; 37(1): 19-38. Study subjects are adults.
Park A, Nitzke S, Kritsch K, Kattelmann K, White A, Boeckner L, Lohse B, Hoerr S, Greene G, Zhang Z. Internet-based interventions have potential to affect short-term mediators and indicators of dietary behavior of young adults. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Sep-Oct; 40(5): 288-297. PMID: 18725147. Study subjects are adults.
Peregrin T. Making MyPyramid for kids a successful tool in nutrition education. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006 May; 106(5): 656-658. No abstract available. PMID: 16647315. Study is a narrative review or commentary.
Pérez-Rodrigo C, Wind M, Hildonen C, Bjelland M, Aranceta J, Klepp KI, Brug J. The pro children intervention: Applying the intervention mapping protocol to develop a school-based fruit and vegetable promotion programme. Ann Nutr Metab. 2005 Jul-Aug; 49(4): 267-277. Epub: 2005 Jul 28. PMID: 16088090. Did not answer question; study reports on the development of an intervention, but doesn’t report outcomes.
Pirouznia M. The correlation between nutrition knowledge and eating behavior in an American school: The role of ethnicity. Nutr Health. 2000; 14(2): 89-107. PMID: 10904934. Did not answer question; did not examine technology.
Portnoy DB, Scott-Sheldon LA, Johnson BT, Carey MP. Computer-delivered interventions for health promotion and behavioral risk reduction: A meta-analysis of 75 randomized controlled trials, 1988-2007. Prev Med. 2008 Jul; 47(1): 3-16. Epub: 2008 Feb 20. PMID: 18403003. Study subjects are adults.
Rees G, Bakhshi S, Surujlal-Harry A, Stasinopoulos M, Baker A. A computerised tailored intervention for increasing intakes of fruit, vegetables, brown bread and wholegrain cereals in adolescent girls. Public Health Nutr. 2010 Aug; 13(8): 1, 271-1, 278. Epub: 2010 Jan 11. PMID: 20059794. Did not test a nutrition education intervention delivered using digital media or technology.
Russ SA, Larson K, Franke TM, Halfon N. Associations between media use and health in US children. Acad Pediatr. 2009 Sep-Oct; 9(5): 300-306. Epub: 2009 Jul 9. PMID: 19592321. Did not answer question; did not examine nutrition education technology.
Russ CR, Tate DF, Whiteley JA, Winett RA, Winett SG, Pfleger J. The effects of an innovative WWW-based health behavior program on the nutritional practices of tenth grade girls: Preliminary report on the Eat4Life Program. J Gender, Culture, & Health. 1998 Jun;  3(2): 121-128. Results reported are pilot data from the same intervention described by Winett et al, 1999. 
Rydell SA, French SA, Fulkerson JA, Neumark-Sztainer D, Gerlach AF, Story M, Christopherson KK. Use of a Web-based component of a nutrition and physical activity behavioral intervention with Girl Scouts. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Sep; 105(9): 1, 447-1, 450. PMID: 16129089. Did not answer question; reported program usage, but did not report outcomes.
Schneider M, Dunton GF, Cooper DM. Media use and obesity in adolescent females. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007 Sep; 15(9): 2, 328-2, 335. PMID: 17890502. Did not answer question; did not examine nutrition education technology.
Silk KJ, Sherry J, Winn B, Keesecker N, Horodynski MA, Sayir A. Increasing nutrition literacy: Testing the effectiveness of print, web site, and game modalities. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2008 Jan-Feb; 40(1): 3-10. PMID: 18174098. Did not include dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Skinner H, Biscope S, Poland B, Goldberg E. How adolescents use technology for health information: Implications for health professionals from focus group studies. J Med Internet Res. 2003 Dec 18; 5(4): e32. PMID: 14713660. Did not answer question; did not examine nutrition education technology and did not dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Skinner HA, Maley O, Norman CD. Developing internet-based eHealth promotion programs: The Spiral Technology Action Research (STAR) model. Health Promot Pract. 2006 Oct; 7(4): 406-417. Epub: 2006 Jul 13. PMID: 16840770. Did not answer question; did not examine nutrition education technology and did not dietary intake as a measured outcome.
Stinson J, Wilson R, Gill N, Yamada J, Holt J. A systematic review of internet-based self-management interventions for youth with health conditions. J Pediatr Psychol. 2009 Jun; 34(5): 495-510. Epub: 2008 Nov 23. PMID: 19029142.  Did not answer question; majority of studies included children with asthma. One study that addressed weight has been included in the review independently. 
Sukhanova A, Ritzwoller DP, Alexander G, Calvi JH, Carlier C, McClure JB, Rolnick S, Johnson C. Cost analyses of a web-based behavioral intervention to enhance fruit and vegetable consumption. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Dec 29; 6: 92. PMID: 20040096.  Study subjects are adults. 
van Assema P, Ronda G, Steenbakkers M, Quaedvlieg M, Brug J. The reach of a computer-tailored nutrition education program in the Dutch heart health community intervention "Hartslag Limburg". J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Sep-Oct; 38(5): 293-297. PMID: 16966050.  Study subjects are adults. 
Wantland DJ, Portillo CJ, Holzemer WL, Slaughter R, McGhee EM. The effectiveness of Web-based vs. non-Web-based interventions: A meta-analysis of behavioral change outcomes. J Med Internet Res. 2004 Nov 10; 6(4): e40. Review. PMID: 15631964. Study subjects are adults.
Webb TL, Joseph J, Yardley L, Michie S. Using the internet to promote health behavior change: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of theoretical basis, use of behavior change techniques, and mode of delivery on efficacy. J Med Internet Res. 2010 Feb 17; 12(1): e4. PMID: 20164043. Study subjects are adults. 
Williamson DA, Walden HM, White MA, York-Crowe E, Newton RL Jr, Alfonso A, Gordon S, Ryan D. Two-year internet-based randomized controlled trial for weight loss in African-American girls. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Jul; 14(7): 1, 231-1, 243. Study did not include outcomes of interest.
Wilson H, Marks J, Ward D. Kidnetic.com. Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior. 2003 May/Jun; 35(3): 166. Did not answer question; described an internet program, but did not report outcomes.