Systematic Review Questions
1. In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and cardiovascular disease? (DGAC 2010)
2. In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and body weight? (DGAC 2010)
3. Is intake of fruits and vegetables associated with adiposity in children? (DGAC 2010)
4. In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and type 2 diabetes? (DGAC 2010)
5. What is the relationship between the environment, body weight and fruit/vegetable consumption? (DGAC 2010)
6. CLEAN: What techniques for washing fresh produce are associated with favorable food safety outcomes? (DGAC 2010)
7. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines or recommendations or specific dietary patterns (assessed using methods other than index or score, cluster or factor, or reduced rank regression analyses) and body weight status?
8. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of lung cancer? (2015 DGAC)
9. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines and recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and risk of type 2 diabetes?
10. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of breast cancer? (2015 DGAC)
11. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines and recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and risk of cardiovascular disease?
12. What is the relationship between acculturation and dietary intake? (2015 DGAC)
13. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of depression? (2015 DGAC)
14. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of dementia/cognitive impairment/Alzheimer’s disease? (2015 DGAC)
15. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines or recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and measures of body weight or obesity?
16. Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to body weight or risk of obesity?
17. Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to risk of cardiovascular disease?
18. Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to risk of type 2 diabetes?
19. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer? (2015 DGAC)
20. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and bone health? (2015 DGAC)
21. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines or recommendations or specific dietary patterns (assessed using methods other than index or score, cluster or factor, or reduced rank regression analyses) and risk of cardiovascular disease?
22. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of congenital anomalies (neural tube defects, congenital heart defects, cleft lip/palate)? (2015 DGAC)
23. What is the relationship between the intake of vegetable protein, including soy protein and chronic disease? (DGAC 2010)
24. What is the relationship between the intake of vegetable protein and blood pressure among adults without hypertension? (DGAC 2010)
25. Is intake of 100% fruit juice associated with adiposity in children? (DGAC 2010)
 
Evidence Summaries
1. Is intake of fruits and vegetables related to adiposity in children?
2. What is the relationship between the environment, body weight, and fruit/vegetable intake?
3. What are the effects of combining changes to the food environment and nutrition education, or either of these components alone, on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?
4. What are the effects of multi-component compared to single-component nutrition education interventions on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?
5. Is intake of 100% fruit juice related to adiposity in children?
6. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of congenital anomalies (neural tube defects, congenital heart defects, cleft lip/palate)? (2015 DGAC)
7. What is the relationship between acculturation and dietary intake? (2015 DGAC)
8. In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and body weight?
9. In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and cardiovascular disease?
10. In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and type 2 diabetes?
11. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of lung cancer? (2015 DGAC)
12. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using reduced rank regression analysis, and measures of body weight or obesity?
13. What is the relationship between frequency /regularity of family meals and measures of dietary intake in U.S. population groups? (2015 DGAC)
14. Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to body weight or risk of obesity?
15. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of depression? (2015 DGAC)
16. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and bone health? (2015 DGAC)
17. What is the relationship between neighborhood and community food access in food retail settings and impact on individuals’ dietary intake and quality? (2015 DGAC)
18. What is the relationship between the intake of vegetable protein and blood pressure among adults without hypertension?
19. Which type of educator, who delivers nutrition education, is most effective for changing children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?
20. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of prostate cancer? (2015 DGAC)
21. Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to risk of cardiovascular disease?
22. What is the effect of nutrition education delivered via digital media and technology on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?
23. Is energy density associated with weight loss and weight maintenance in adults?
24. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of breast cancer? (2015 DGAC)
25. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using reduced rank regression analysis, and cardiovascular disease?
26. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer? (2015 DGAC)
27. What is the relationship between dietary patterns and risk of dementia/cognitive impairment/Alzheimer’s disease? (2015 DGAC)
28. How do the health outcomes of a vegetarian diet compare to that of a diet which customarily includes animal products?
29. What is the relationship between sedentary behaviors (including recreational, occupational and screen time) and dietary intake and body weight in adults? (2015 DGAC)
30. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns (assessed using methods other than index/score, cluster or factor, or reduced rank regression analyses) and risk of cardiovascular disease?
31. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and measures of body weight or obesity?
32. What is the impact of obesity prevention approaches in early care and education programs on weight status of children two to five years of age? (2015 DGAC)
33. What is the effect of nutrition education with parental involvement compared to no parental involvement on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?
34. Are prevailing patterns of diet behavior in a population, assessed using factor or cluster analysis, related to risk of type 2 diabetes?
35. What is the relationship between the intake of vegetable protein, including soy protein, and chronic disease?
36. What is the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure in children from birth to age 18 years? (2015 DGAC)
37. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and risk of cardiovascular disease?
38. What is the relationship between whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease?
39. What is the relationship between glycemic index or glycemic load and cancer?
40. What is the relationship between glycemic index or glycemic load and cardiovascular disease?
41. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns (assessed using methods other than index/score, cluster or factor, or reduced rank regression analyses) and body weight status?
42. CLEAN: To what extent do US consumers follow techniques for washing fresh produce that are associated with favorable food safety outcomes?
43. Clean: To what extent do US consumers clean their refrigerators?
44. What is the relationship between the intake of cooked dry beans and peas and cardiovascular outcomes?
45. Is intake of dietary fat associated with adiposity in children?
46. What is the effect of dietary intake of MUFA on health and intermediate health outcomes?
47. What is the relationship between the intake of animal protein products and breast cancer?
48. Is breakfast intake associated with achieving recommended nutrient intakes?
49. What is the relationship between glycemic index or glycemic load and type 2 diabetes?
50. What is the impact of liquids versus solid foods on energy intake and body weight?
51. What is the relationship between neighborhood and community food access in food retail settings and weight status? (2015 DGAC)
52. What is the relationship between snacking and nutrient intake?
53. CLEAN: What techniques for washing fresh produce are associated with favorable food safety outcomes?
54. What is the relationship between added sugars and risk of cardiovascular disease? (2015 DGAC)
55. What is the relationship between the intake of milk and milk products and body weight?
56. What is the relationship between dietary potassium intake and blood pressure in adults?
57. What is the relationship between the intake of animal protein products and cardiovascular disease?
58. Separate: What techniques for preventing cross-contamination are associated with favorable food safety outcomes?
59. To what extent are recently developed technological materials that are designed to improve food safety effective in reducing exposure to pathogens and decreasing the risk of foodborne illnesses in the home?
60. What is the relationship between the intake of animal protein products and body weight?
61. What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using reduced rank regression analysis, and risk of type 2 diabetes?
62. What is the relationship between the intake of animal protein products and type 2 diabetes?
63. What is the relationship between consumption of plant n-3 fatty acid and risk of cardiovascular disease?
64. What is the optimal proportion of dietary fat, CHO and protein to lose weight if overweight or obese?
65. What are the health effects related to consumption of nuts?
66. Is intake of sugar-sweetened beverages associated with adiposity in children?
67. What is the effect of saturated fat intake on increased risk of cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes?
68. What is the effect of dietary PUFA intake on health and intermediate health outcomes?
69. What is the relationship between glycemic index or glycemic load and body weight?
70. In adults, what is the association between intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and body weight?
 
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Topics
1. Vegetables/Fruits
2. Vegetables and Fruits
3. Fatty Acids and Cholesterol
4. Protein
5. Foods/Dietary Patterns
6. Carbohydrates
7. Energy Balance and Weight Management
8. Vegetable Protein
9. Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Non-Caloric Sweeteners
10. Cooked Dry Beans and Peas
11. Cross-Cutting Topics of Public Health Importance
 
Pages
1. B-24 Work Group 2 – Infancy: Period of Complementary Feeding (6-12 Months)
2. Site Index