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Is energy density associated with type 2 diabetes in adults? (DGAC 2010)

Conclusion

Consistent but limited evidence suggests that lower-energy density diets may be associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes among adults. 

Grade

Limited
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Evidence Summaries

What is the evidence that supports this conclusion? For more information, click on the Evidence Summary link below.
 
Is energy density associated with type 2 diabetes in adults?

Research Recommendations

Determine whether and how isocaloric solid foods and liquids differ in their influence on satiety (De Graaf, 2006; Rolls, 2009).

Rationale: The great majority of studies reviewed estimated dietary energy density (ED) based on foods only, excluding all beverages (Bes-Rastrollo, 2008; Ello Martin, 2007; Greene, 2006; Ledikwe, 2007; Rolls, 2005; Savage, 2008b; Saquib, 2008). The decision to include only foods in dietary ED estimations has been largely justified on statistical and not physiological grounds (Ledikwe, 2005). Studies that have incorporated all beverages in the dietary ED estimations, including water (Iqbal, 2006) have yielded null results. Few studies have examined weight outcomes using different ED definitions, these studies have identified inconsistent results as a function of the ED definition used (Kant and Graubard, 2005).

Search Plan and Results

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Is energy density associated with type 2 diabetes in adults?