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What is the effect of nutrition education delivered via digital media and/or technology on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?

Conclusion

Moderate evidence shows that nutrition education delivered via digital media/technology (computer- and internet-based programs) may be effective for improving dietary intake-related behaviors among children and adolescents.
 

Grade

Moderate
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Evidence Summaries

What is the evidence that supports this conclusion? For more information, click on the Evidence Summary link below.
 
What is the effect of nutrition education delivered via digital media and technology on children’s dietary intake-related behaviors?

Research Recommendations

1. Conduct research to determine whether subject characteristics, such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or previous technology experience, affect outcomes from nutrition education delivered via digital media/technology.
Rationale: Studies previously done were not designed or adequately powered to determine whether certain types of children are more responsive to nutrition education delivered using digital media/technology.

2. Develop research to assess how engaging a game or tool is for children, whether the degree to which children are engaged impacts outcomes, and aspects of digital media/technology that enhance children’s engagement. This may also include research on the degree to which log-on rate impacts outcomes, and strategies for increasing log-on rates.
Rationale: Research is needed to better understand the best approaches to developing digital media/technology educational tools that are engaging to students, and whether investing in more engaging games results in improved outcomes.

3. Extend research to include modes of digital media/technology currently being used to influence children’s behavior, such as advergames, hand-held devices, and cellular telephones.
Rationale: The technology currently being used by children is rapidly evolving. Research is needed to better understand how newer and more advanced forms of technology can be used to deliver effective nutrition education.

4. Conduct research in which digital media/technology nutrition education is delivered over longer periods of time, at a greater frequency, or with greater intensity.
Rationale: This will allow for better understanding of the long-term impacts of nutrition education delivered via digital media/technology on children’s behavior, as well as body weight and other health outcomes. Longer research may also allow for time within the study framework for ensuring that students have adequate time to become familiar with the technology and are able to use the features as designed.

5. Conduct research to investigate the effects of interventions done using digital media/technology delivered in different settings (school, home) and by different people (teachers, parents, researchers, peers).
Rationale: Research is needed to better understand whether the efficacy of nutrition education delivered via digital media/technology is enhanced when delivered in certain settings or guided by certain individuals.

Search Plan and Results

What were the search parameters and selection criteria used to identify literature to answer this question? For more information, click on the Search Plan and Results link below.
 
What is the effect of nutrition education delivered via digital media and technology on children’s dietary intake?